About Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles tendonitis (medically referred to as tendinitis) is a common condition that affects the Achilles tendon, the largest tendon in the human body. It is characterized by inflammation and irritation of the Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscles to the heel bone (calcaneus). This condition can range from mild discomfort to severe pain and may affect your daily activities if left untreated.

Several factors can contribute to the development of Achilles tendonitis, including:

  • Overuse or Overtraining: Engaging in repetitive activities or sports that involve a lot of running and jumping can strain the Achilles tendon.
  • Improper Footwear: Ill-fitting shoes or those lacking proper arch support can increase the risk of Achilles tendonitis.
  • Sudden Increase in Activity: Rapidly increasing the intensity or duration of physical activity can strain the Achilles tendon.
  • Tight Calf Muscles: Inflexible calf muscles can place extra stress on the Achilles tendon.
  • Age: As we age, the Achilles tendon becomes less flexible and more prone to injury.
  • Biomechanical Issues: Abnormalities in foot structure or gait can contribute to Achilles tendonitis.

Common symptoms of Achilles tendonitis include:

  • Pain and stiffness in the Achilles tendon, especially in the morning
  • Swelling or thickening of the tendon
  • Tenderness along the back of the leg, just above the heel
  • Limited range of motion in the ankle
  • Weakness in the calf muscles

If you experience any of these symptoms, it's essential to seek medical advice promptly. Treatment for Achilles tendonitis aims to reduce pain and inflammation and promote tendon healing. This can be achieved through the following: rest, ice, medications, physical therapy, orthotics, bracing/taping, or injections. If pain continues after conservative treatment methods, your doctor may recommend a surgical option.

If you suspect you have Achilles tendonitis, please request an appointment online or call (559) 256-5200 to schedule a consultation with one of our fellowship-trained foot doctors, Dr. Francis Glaser or Dr. Devin Mangold.

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